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Latest Farm Walk Notes

Farm Walks are held every Tuesday morning throughout the year. They start at 9.00am sharp so be there by 8.50am. Farmers or their managers and staff are welcome to walk with the Management Team, bring your platemeter and clean gumboots. Please phone the SIDDC office to notify of your intention: Ph: 03 423 0022.

 The farm walk notes are a commentary covering the main points discussed at the weekly farm meeting held by the LUDF Management Team.  

During the milking season the farm walk notes are updated at weekly intervals, during the off-season this may occur monthly.

Tuesday 28 May 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 30 days
  • Cows averaged 1.08 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 25 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2048
  • All cows on once a day milking
  • Average BCS 4.7
  • No rain for the week
  • Most culls have gone

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 28th May 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2048 KgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

25 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

421

Ave Soil Temp (week)

8.4 ⁰C

SCC

262,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.08 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.83

Milk Fat – 6.23%

Milk Protein – 5.17%

Next Farm Walk – 2nd July Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 421 cows on the milking platform. 392 cows in milk and 21 lame cows that have been dried off and 8 culls.
  2. All cows are now on once a day milking.
  3. Most culls have now left the farm. There are 8 culls left to go.
  4. No new mastitis cows this week.
  5. All cows will be dried off this Thursday. This year we will be using blanket dry cow because of the staf we had in our herd this year. 134 cows that have exceeded the SCC threshold this season will get long acting dry cow and the remaining cows that haven’t exceeded the SCC threshold this season will get short acting dry cow. All cows will also receive teat seal.
  6. Cows will get their Lepto booster and B-12 plus selenium tomorrow prior to going off farm to winter grazing.
  7. Cows will be going to their winter grazing this Thursday the 30th. MA Cows will be wintered in 3 mobs this winter.
    1. 228 light early calving cows will be offered 16 Kg made up of 3kg silage and 13Kg Rape and grass
    2. 81 mid-range cows (@4.5 BCS) will be offered 14 KgDM – 4.5 Kg silage and 9.5 Kg Grass
    3. 161 Fats will be offered 10 KgDM.
  8. R2 heifers were teat sealed on the 19th April. They have now been moved to their winter grazing. They were weighed drenched and received a B-12 plus selenium
  9. R2 heifers are being offered 12 KgDM - 2 Kg silage and 10 Kg grass
  10. R1 calves were weighed drenched and received a B-12 plus selenium and also given their lepto booster
  11. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 27thMay. Average BCS was 4.7.

Calving 28 May 2019

BCS 27 May 2019

BCS 3 May 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 8.4 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 28 May 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2)

SMoist 28 May 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm received no rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 28 May 2019

 

  1. Average Pasture Cover is 1941 kgDM/ha. We have one more paddock at the top of the Wedge paddock N-3 to graze over the next 2 days. This will put us around 1915 KgDM /ha at dry off on the 30th May.
  2. Cows will be fully fed on grass till the end of this lactation.
  3. Round length last week was 30 days
  4. No silage has been fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  7. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Cover Track 28 May 2019

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 421 cows grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass.

Tuesday 21 May 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.2 kg MS
  • Growth past week 25 kgDM
  • Farm cover 2048
  • All cows on once a day milking
  • 4.4mm of rain for the week
  • Most culls have gone

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 21st May 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2048 kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

25 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

421

Ave Soil Temp (week)

8.4 ⁰C

SCC

198,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.2 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 6.19%

Milk Protein – 5.03%

Herd Management

  1. There are 421 cows on the milking platform. 406 cows in milk and 15 lame cows that have been dried off.
  2. All cows are now on once a day milking.
  3. Most culls have now left the farm. There are 8 culls left to go.
  4. No new mastitis cows this week.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 3rdMay. Average BCS was 4.6.

Calving 21 May 2019

BCS 3 May 2019

BCS 25 Mar 2019

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 8.4 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 21 May 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 21 May 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm received 4.4 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 21 May 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 421 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 7578 kgDM/day or 49 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 7578 kgDM/day / 6.66 ha/day = 1137 KgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1137 + 1500 = 2637 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2048 kgDM/ha.
  3. Cows will be fully fed on grass possibly till the end of this lactation. By using our surplus cover and with growth around 20-25 Kg Dm per day we should be able to achieve this. We can add silage back in if we don’t achieve required growth rates. Below is a predicted feed wedge with the above scenario:

Predicted Feed Wedge 21 May 2019

  1. Round length last week was 24 days
  2. No silage has been fed over the last week
  3. Cows achieved good residuals
  4. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  5. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Autumn Spring Tracker 21 May 2019

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 421 cows grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to allow us to achieve our target of 1900 at dry off
  3. We will monitor residuals and cover over the next week and react accordingly.

 

Tuesday 14 May 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 4.1 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 33 days
  • Cows averaged 1.32 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 33 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2237
  • 206 low BCS cows on once a day milking
  • 5.4mils of rain for the week
  • Most culls have gone

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 14thMay 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2237 KgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

33 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

33 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

1.2 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

437

Ave Soil Temp (week)

11.9 ⁰C

SCC

180,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.32 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 5.91%

Milk Protein – 4.86%

Next Farm Walk – 21stMay Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 437 cows on the milking platform. 425 cows in milk and 11 lame cows that have been dried off.
  2. 206 Light body condition score cows are on once a day milking.
  3. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 215 cows (on twice a day milking) once a day herd 206 cows and small once a day herd made up of 4 lame cows.
  4. Most culls have now left the farm. There are approximately 10 culls left to go.
  5. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  6. One new mastitis cow this week.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 3rdMay. Average BCS was 4.6.

 Calving 14 May 2019

BCS 3 May 2019

BCS 26 Mar 2019

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 11 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 14 May 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 14 May 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm received 5.4 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 14 May 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 437 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 7866 kgDM/day or 49 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 7866 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1484 KgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1484 + 1500 = 2984 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2237 kgDM/ha.
  3. Cows will be fully fed on grass possibly till the end of this lactation. By using our surplus cover which equates to about 5.9Kg per cow per day for the next 16 days and if we achieve growth of 25 to 30 Kg Dm per day we should be able to achieve this. We can add silage back in if we don’t achieve required growth rates. Below is a predicted feed wedge with the above scenario:

Predicted FeedWedge 14 May 2019

  1. Round length last week was 33 days with a target of minimum 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha
  2. 4.1 Tonne silage fed for 2 days over the last week averaging around 4.86Kg Dm /cow a day
  3. Cows achieved good residuals
  4. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  5. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Autumn Spring Cover Track 14 May 2019

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 437 cows grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to allow us to achieve our target of 1900 at dry off
  3. We will feed silage for another 2 days
  4. We are aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 7 May 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 14.7 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 31 days
  • Cows averaged 1.42 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 31 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2331
  • 134 low BCS cows on once a day milking
  • No rain for the week
  • Most culls have gone

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 7thMay 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2331 KgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

31 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

31 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

4.86 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

437

Ave Soil Temp (week)

11⁰C

SCC

173,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.42 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 5.91%

Milk Protein – 4.86%

 

Next Farm Walk – 14 May Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 437 cows on the milking platform. 431 cows in milk and 6 lame cows that have been dried off.
  2. 134 light body condition score cows are on once a day milking.
  3. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 274 cows (on twice a day milking) once a day herd 134 cows and small once a day herd made up of 6 staph cows and approximately 15 lame cows.
  4. Most culls have now left the farm. There are approximately 10 culls left to go.
  5. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  6. No new mastitis cows this week.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 3rdMay. Average BCS was 4.6.

Calving 7 May 2019

BCS 3 May 2019

BCS 26 Mar 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 11 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 7 May 2019

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 7 May 2019

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm received no rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 7 May 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 437 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 7866 kgDM/day or 49 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 7866 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1484 KgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1484 + 1500 = 2984 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2331 kgDM/ha.
  3. We will only feed silage for another 2 days (this will finish off a line of tube wrapped balage), after that we will fully feed cows on grass possibly till the end of this lactation. By using our surplus cover which equates to about 7Kg per cow per day for the next 23 days and if we achieve growth of 25 to 30 Kg Dm per day we should be able to achieve this. We can add silage back in if we don’t achieve required growth rates. Below is a predicted feed wedge with the above scenario:

FeedWedge Predicted 7 May 2019

  1. Round length last week was 31 days with a target of minimum 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha
  2. 14.7 Tonne silage fed over the last week averaging around 4.86Kg Dm /cow a day
  3. Cows achieved good residuals
  4. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  5. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Spring cover track 7 May 2019

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 437 cows grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to allow us to achieve our target of 1900 at dry off
  3. We will feed silage for another 2 days
  4. We are aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 30 April 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 14.7 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 33 days
  • Cows averaged 1.43 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 40 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2404
  • 119 low BCS cows on once a day milking
  • 23 mm of rain for the week
  • Most culls have gone

 Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 30thApril 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2404 KgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

40 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

33 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

4.82 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

437

Ave Soil Temp (week)

12.5⁰C

SCC

164,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.43 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.94%

Milk Protein – 4.79%

 

Next Farm Walk – 7th May Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 437 cows on the milking platform. 435 cows in milk and 2 lame cows that have been dried off.
  2. 119 Light body condition score cows are on once a day milking.
  3. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 278 cows (on twice a day milking) once a day herd 119 cows and small once a day herd made up of 8 staph cows and approximately 30 lame cows.
  4. Most culls have now left the farm. There are approximately 10 culls left to go.
  5. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  6. No new mastitis cows this week.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 25thMarch. Average BCS was 4.4

Calving 30 April 2019

BCS 26 Mar 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 12.5 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 30 April 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 30 April 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm received 23 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 30 April 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 437 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 7866 kgDM/day or 49 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 7866 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1484 KgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1484 + 1500 = 2984 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2404 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 33 days with a target of minimum 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha
  4. 14.7 Tonne silage fed over the last week averaging around 4.82Kg Dm /cow a day
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  7. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day

Spring cover track 30 April 2019

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 437 cows grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to hold and extend round length.
  3. We will continue to feed silage even though we have a surplus while ground conditions are still good and we can get good utilisation. If ground conditions become wet we can stop feeding silage and use the surplus grass.
  4. We are aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 16 April 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 15.6 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 34 days
  • Cows averaged 1.56 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 47 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2416
  • 112 low BCS cows on once a day milking
  • 5 mm of rain for the week
  • No irrigation over the last week

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 16thApril 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2416 KgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

47 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

34 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

4.57 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

475

Ave Soil Temp (week)

12.4⁰C

SCC

151,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.56 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.79

Milk Fat – 5.94%

Milk Protein – 4.70%

 

Next Farm Walk – 23rdApril Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter .Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 476 in milk cows and heifers on the milking platform. 475 cows in milk and 1 lame cow that has been dried off.
  2. 112 Light body condition score cows are on once a day milking.
  3. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 336 cows (on twice a day milking) once a day herd 112 cows and small once a day herd made up of 8 staph cows and approximately 24 lame cows.
  4. 52 culls have left the farm over the last week. The remaining culls will hopefully go over the next week.
  5. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  6. No new mastitis cows this week.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 25thMarch. Average BCS was 4.4.

Calving 16 April 2019

 

BCS 26 Mar 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 12.4 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 16 April 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 16 April 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. No irrigation over the last week
  3. The farm received 5 mils of rain over the last week.
  4. There will be no more irrigation this season.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 16 April 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 475 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 8550 kgDM/day or 53 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 8550 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1604 KgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1604 + 1500 = 3104 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2416 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 34 days with a target of minimum 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha
  4. 15.6 Tonne silage fed over the last week averaging around 4.57Kg Dm /cow a day
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  7. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Cover Tracker 16 April 2019

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 476 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to hold and extend round length.
  3. We will continue to feed silage even though we have a surplus while ground conditions are still good, and we can get good utilisation. If ground conditions become wet, we can stop feeding silage and use the surplus grass.
  4. We be aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 9 April 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 16.1 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 36 days
  • Cows averaged 1.5 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 50 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2434
  • 112 low BCS cows on once a day milking
  • 30.6 mm of rain for the week
  • No irrigation over the last week

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 9thApril 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2434 KgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

50 kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

36 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

4.36 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

528

Ave Soil Temp (week)

12.7⁰C

SCC

161,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.5 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.78

Milk Fat – 5.93%

Milk Protein – 4.65%

 

Next Farm Walk – 16th April Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 528 in milk cows and heifers on the milking platform. 526 cows in milk and 2 lames that have been dried off.
  2. 112 Light body condition score cows are on once a day milking.
  3. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 390 cows (on twice a day milking) once a day herd 112 cows and small once a day herd made up of 8 staph cows and approximately 24 lame cows.
  4. Most of our culls will leave the farm next week.
  5. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  6. One new mastitis cow this week.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 25thMarch. Average BCS was 4.4.

 Calving 9 Apr 2019

BCS 26 Mar 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 12.7 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 9 Apr 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 9 Apr 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. No irrigation over the last week
  3. The farm received 30.6 mm rain over the last week.
  4. There will be no more irrigation this season.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 9 Apri 2019

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 526 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9468 kgDM/day or 59 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9468 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1776gDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1776 + 1500 = 3276 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2373 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 36 days with a target of minimum 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha
  4. 16.1 Tonne  silage fed over the last week averaging around 4.36Kg Dm /cow a day
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  7. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Cover Tracker 9 Apr 2019

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 528 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to hold and extend round length.
  3. We be aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  4. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 2 April 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 14.8 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 31 days
  • Cows averaged 1.6 Kg MS
  • Growth past week 68 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2449
  • 103 low BCS cows on once a day milking
  • 4.8mils of rain for the week
  • 2 Days of irrigation over the last week

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 2ndApril 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2449kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

68kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

31 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

3.74 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

541

Ave Soil Temp (week)

15.7⁰C

SCC

148,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.6 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.53%

Milk Protein – 4.48%

Next Farm Walk – 9th April Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 541 in milk cows and heifers on the milking platform. 527 cows in milk and 13 culls that are booked to go to the works
  2. 103 Light body condition score cows are on once a day milking.
  3. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 391 cows (on twice a day milking) once a day herd 103 cows and small once a day herd made up of 8 staph cows and approximately 24 lame cows.
  4. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  5. No new mastitis cows this week.
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 25thMarch. Average BCS was 4.4

Calving 2 April 2019

BCS 26 Mar 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019BCS 11 Jan 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 15.7 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 2 April 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 2 April 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. 1 day of irrigation on the south block over the last week. 3days of irrigation on the North Block
  3. The farm received no rain over the last week.
  4. We have stopped irrigating possibly for the season but we will continue to monitor soil moisture and expected rain fall and react accordingly.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 2 April 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 526 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9468 kgDM/day or 59 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9468 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1776gDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1776 + 1500 = 3276 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2373 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 31 days with a target of minimum 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha.
  4. 14.8 Tonne  silage fed over the last week averaging around 3.74Kg Dm /cow a day
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. Nitrogen has been applied to 19.1 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas).
  7. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 166 kg. We have now finished our nitrogen applications for this season.
  8. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 6 months. The plan is to finish the season with an Average Pasture Cover of 1900Kg DM/ha. This is anticipating similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day.

Spring pasture tracker 2 April 2019

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 541 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added as required to hold and extend round length.
  3. We be aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  4. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 26 March 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • 14.6 tonne DM silage fed
  • Round length 27.6 days
  • Cows averaged 1.68Kg MS
  • Growth past week 64 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2373
  • 103 low BCS cows going on once a day milking
  • No rain for the week
  • 1 Day of irrigation over the last week

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 26thMarch 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2373kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

64kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

27 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

3.86 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

541

Ave Soil Temp (week)

16.9⁰C

SCC

153,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.68 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 5.42%

Milk Protein – 4.43%

 

Next Farm Walk – 2nd April Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 541 in milk cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. 12 culls will be dried off tomorrow and are booked to go to the works.
  3. 103 Light body condition score cows will be put on once a day milking from tomorrow.
  4. The farm has been running 3 herds main herd of 339 cows small herd 137 cows and a once a day herd made up of 18 staph cows 20 cows that are below 4 BCS and approximately 23 lame cows. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 137 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation .The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  5. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  6. No new mastitis cows this week.
  7. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September. 28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking. 9 of the staph cows had SCC below 500,000 at the last herd test. These were all cultured and 7 of them came back Staphylococcus aureus negative. These seven cows are still being milked once a day and are milked in a separate herd at the end of each milking. Another culture will be taken from these cows in a couple of weeks and a decision on their future will be made at that point. The remaining high SCC staph cows have now been dried off and are booked into the works.
  8. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 25thMarch. Average BCS was 4.4.

Calving 26 Mar 2019

BCS 26 Mar 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.9 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 26 Mar 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 26 Mar 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. 1 day of irrigation on the south block over the last week. North block irrigation has been started today and will run for a couple of days.
  3. The farm received no rain over the last week.
  4. We have had to restart irrigation again due to the very dry conditions. This will be very limited and we will continue to monitor soil moisture and react accordingly.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 26 Mar 2019

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 529 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9522 kgDM/day or 59 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9522 kgDM/day / 5.33 ha/day = 1786gDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1786 + 1500 = 3286 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2373 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 27 days with a target of 30 day round. Demand line is set for 30 day round off 160 Ha
  4. 14.6 Tonne silage fed over the last week averaging around 3.86Kg Dm /cow a day
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. Nitrogen has been applied to 45.5 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas).
  7. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 164 kg. We will be applying our last application of urea at the end of this week.
  8. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock was re sown 31st January, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  9.  Paddock N-4 has had its first light grazing and was post graze mown to control the weeds.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 541 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold and extend round length.
  3. We be aiming to be on a minimum 30 day round.
  4. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 12 March 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 23 days
  • Cows averaged 1.70Kg MS
  • Growth past week 72 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2486
  • 12.4 mm of rain for the week
  • No irrigation over the last week
  • 6.9 ha post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 16% empty cows in milk
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 12thMarch 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2486kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

72kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

23 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

541

Ave Soil Temp (week)

16.2⁰C

SCC

161,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.70 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.37%

Milk Protein – 4.35%

Next Farm Walk – 17th March Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 541 in milk cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The farm is currently running 3 herds main herd of 351 cows small herd 136 cows and a once a day herd made up of 18 staph cows 20 cows that are below 4 BCS and approximately 16 lame cows. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 136 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation .The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  4. No new mastitis cows this week.
  5. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 20thfebruary. Average BCS was 4.4

Calving 12 March 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.2 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 12 Mar 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 12 Mar 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3. No irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 12.4 mm of rain over the last week.
  5. There is a high possibility that there will be no more irrigation this season but we will continue to monitor soil moisture and react accordingly.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 12 Mar 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 541 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9738 kgDM/day or 61 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9738 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1522gDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1522 + 1550 = 3072 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2418 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 23 days with a target of 25 day round.This was quicker than desired due to nipping off new grass paddock N-4 which only took 12 hours. Demand line is set for 25 day round off 160 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 6.9 ha post graze mown during the past week to control weeds..
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 27.5 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 150 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock was re sown 31st January, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Paddock N-4 had its first light grazing last Wednesday and was post graze mown to control the weeds.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 541 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold and extend round length.
  3. We be aiming to be on a minimum 25 day round and slowly pushing out to around 30 days over the next couple of weeks.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 5 March 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 25 days
  • Cows averaged 1.70Kg MS
  • Growth past week 79 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2448
  • 6.4 mm of rain for the week
  • 4 days of irrigation over the last week
  • No post graze mowing
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 16% empty cows in milk
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 5thMarch 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2448kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

79kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

25 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

541

Ave Soil Temp (week)

14.8⁰C

SCC

185,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.70 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 5.29%

Milk Protein – 4.32%

 

Next Farm Walk – 12th March Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 541 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform. 541 cows in milk, 7 cows culled (2 in calf older lames, 3 empty lames and 2 empty staff cows).
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation .The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  4. No new mastitis cows this week.
  5. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September. 28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 20thfebruary. Average BCS was 4.4.

 Calving 5 Mar 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

 

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 14.8 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 5 Mar 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 5 Mar 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3.  4 days of irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 6.4 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 5 Mar 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 541 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9738 kgDM/day or 61 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9738 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1522gDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1522 + 1550 = 3072 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2418 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 25 days with a target of 25 day round. Demand line is set for 25day round off 160 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. No post graze mowing during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 32.3 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 146 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock was re sown 31st January, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Paddock N-4 will have its first light grazing tomorrow and then will be post graze mown to control the weeds.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 541 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 25 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 26 February 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.73Kg MS
  • Growth past week 74 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2418
  • 16 mm of rain for the week
  • No irrigation over the last week
  • No post graze mowing
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 16% empty cows in milk
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 26thFebruary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2418kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

74kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

16.4⁰C

SCC

175,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.73 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.15%

Milk Protein – 4.19%

 

Next Farm Walk – 5th March Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform. 542 cows in milk 6 dried off (4 lame empty and 2 empty staff cows).
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation. The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. We have adapted Max T on farm (fixed time cup removal). This was implemented at the end of January. We are saving approximately 25 minutes per day in milking time (15 minutes at morning milking and 10 minutes at afternoon milking). There doesn’t appear to be any negative effects from doing this although we have had a slight increase in mastitis cases.
  4. 2 new mastitis cows this week.
  5. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September. 28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 20th February. Average BCS was 4.4.

Calving 26 Feb 2019

BCS 20 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without the bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

                                            xviii.     28% empty

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating. 21 of these were empty leaving only 40% incalf.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week in-calf rate
  10. Preg test 4/2 confirmed 84% of cows in milk in-calf.

 

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.4 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 26 Feb 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 26 Feb 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3.  No Irrigation has occurred for over the last week.
  4. The farm received 16 mils of rain over the last week.

 

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feedwedge 26 Feb 2019

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 542 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9756 kgDM/day or 61 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9864 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1524gDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1524 + 1550 = 3074 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2418 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 24-25 day round. Demand line is set for 25day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. No post graze mowning during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 41.8 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 141 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne DM harvested. This paddock was re sown 31st January, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover  @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Paddock N-4 will have its first light grazing over the next week and then we will post graze mown to control the weeds.

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 24-25 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

 

Tuesday 19 February 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term:

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.72Kg MS
  • Growth past week 80 KgDM
  • Farm cover 2414
  • 6.6 mm of rain for the week
  • 5 days irrigation
  • No post graze mowing
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 16% empty cows in milk
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 19thFebruary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2414kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

18.1⁰C

SCC

200,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.72 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.14%

Milk Protein – 4.15%

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.542 cows in milk 6 dried off  (4 lame empty and 2 empty staff cows)
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation .The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. 2 new mastitis cow this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4

Calving 19 February 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

                                            xviii.     28% empty

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating. 21 of these were empty leaving only 40% incalf.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week in calf rate
  10. Preg test 4/2 confirmed 84% of cows in milk in calf.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 18.1 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 19 February 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 19 February 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3. Irrigation has occurred for 5 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 6.6 mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 19 February 2019

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9864 kgDM/day or 64 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9864 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1546kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1546 + 1550 = 3096 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2414 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. No post graze mowning during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 49.3 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 135 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock was re sown 31st January, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 12 February 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 22 days
  • Cows averaged 1.73Kg MS
  • Growth past week 84 KgDm
  • Farm cover 2427
  • No rain for the week
  • 7 Days irrigation
  • No post graze mowing
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 16% Empty Cows in milk
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 12thFebruary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2427kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

84kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

22 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

16.9⁰C

SCC

233,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.73 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.12%

Milk Protein – 4.15%

 

Farm Walk – 19th February Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. Remember our Farm Focus Day is coming up - 21 February.

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation. The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. 1 new mastitis cow this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September. 28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4.

Calving 12 Feb 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

                                            xviii.     28% empty

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating. 21 of these were empty leaving only 40% incalf.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December .Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week in calf rate
  10. Preg test 4/2 confirmed 84% of cows in milk in calf.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.9. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 12 Feb 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 12 Feb 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3. irrigation has occurred for 7 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received no rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 12 Feb 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9864 kgDM/day or 64 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9864 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1546kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1546 + 1550 = 3096 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2427 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 22 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. No post graze mowning during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 38.9 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 127 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock was re sown 31st January, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover  @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 5 February 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 23 days
  • Cows averaged 1.75Kg MS
  • Growth past week 86KgDM
  • Farm cover 2391
  • .02 mm of rain for the week
  • 5 Days irrigation
  • No post graze mowing
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 16% Empty Cows in milk
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 5thFebruary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2335kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

86kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

18.6⁰C

SCC

202,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.75 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 5.02%

Milk Protein – 4.11%

 

Farm Walk – 12th February Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation. The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. No new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September. 28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4

Calving 5 Feb 2019

 

BCS 11 Jan 2019

 

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

                                            xviii.     28% empty

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating. 21 of these were empty leaving only 40% incalf.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week in calf rate
  10. Preg test 4/2 confirmed 84% of cows in milk in calf.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 18.6 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 5 Feb 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 5 Feb 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3. irrigation has occurred for 5 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received .02 mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 5 Feb 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9864 kgDM/day or 64 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9864 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1546kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1546 + 1550 = 3096 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2391kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 23 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. No post graze mowing during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 33.74 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 121 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock was re sown last Thursday, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 29 January 2019

 

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.77Kg MS
  • Growth past week 89KgDm
  • Farm cover 2335
  • 5.4 mm of rain for the week
  • 6 days irrigation
  • 15.2 Ha post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate
  • 28% yearling heifers empty

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 29thJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2335kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

89kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

17.8⁰C

SCC

215,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.77 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 5.05%

Milk Protein – 4.07%

Farm Walk – 5th February Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation. The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. No new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4

Calving 29 Jan 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

 

 

 

 

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

                                            xviii.     28% empty

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating. 21 of these were empty leaving only 40% incalf.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February. This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 17.8. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 29 Jan 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2)

SMoist 29 Jan 2019

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3. irrigation has occurred for 6 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 5.4 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feedwedge 29 Jan 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9864 kgDM/day or 64 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 9864 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1546kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1546 + 1550 = 3096 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2335kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 15.2 ha post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 28.57 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 116 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re-grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne DM harvested. This paddock was re-sown last Thursday, pasture mix consisted of Trojan NEA2 diploid perennial ryegrass @ 9kg/ha Viscount NEA4 tetraploid ryegrass @14Kg/ha Kotuku white clover @2kg/ha Weka white clover @2kg/ha Ecotain plantain @3kg/ha Total mix per ha 30
  10.  Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 22 January 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 22 days
  • Cows averaged 1.81Kg MS
  • Growth past week 80KgDm
  • Farm cover 2343
  • 6.6 mm of rain for the week
  • 4 Days irrigation
  • 11 Ha post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 22ndJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2343kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

22 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

17.2⁰C

SCC

194,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.81 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.80

Milk Fat – 5.10%

Milk Protein – 4.09%

 

Farm Walk – 29th January Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation .The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. No new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4.

Calving 22 Jan 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December .Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February .This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 17.2. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 22 Jan 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2)

SMoist 22 Jan 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3. irrigation has occurred for 4 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 6.6 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 22 Jan 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10412 kgDM/day or 65 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 10412 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1,632kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1632 + 1550 = 3182 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2343kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 22 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 11 ha post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 36.43 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 112 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock is now cultivated and will be re sown tomorrow morning. Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 15 January 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly

Key points

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.81Kg MS
  • Growth past week 80KgDm
  • Farm cover 2399kgDM/ha
  • 17.8 mm of rain for the week
  • 4 Days irrigation
  • 2 Paddocks post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 15thJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2399kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

17.8⁰C

SCC

172,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.81 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.83

Milk Fat – 4.90%

Milk Protein – 4.07%

 

Farm Walk – 22nd January Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. No new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned. On Monday the 12th December they were vaccinated with a 7-in-1 and IBR vaccine, received a copper bullet, and were given B-12 plus selenium and were drenched .These were weighed again on Thursday the 13th December average weight 133Kg (only 1 heifer below 100Kg at 98 Kg) .They also received there booster 7-in-1 vaccine.

BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4

 Calving 15 Jan 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

  

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating.
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks - 88%
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February. This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 17.8. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 15 Jan 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 15 Jan 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3. Irrigation has occurred for 4 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 17.8 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 15 Jan 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10412 kgDM/day or 65 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 10412 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1,632kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1632 + 1550 = 3182 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2399kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 17.5 ha post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 36.67 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 106 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne DM harvested. This paddock will be cultivated and re sown over the next week. Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 8 January 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 22 days
  • Cows averaged 1.85Kg MS
  • Growth past week 82KgDm
  • Farm cover 2434
  • 6.4mm of rain for the week
  • 5 Days irrigation
  • 1.3 Paddocks post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 8thJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2434kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

82kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

22 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

19⁰C

SCC

179,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.85 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 4.95%

Milk Protein – 4.05%

 

Farm Walk – 15th January Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. There were 10 new lame cows and no new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned. On Monday the 12th December they were vaccinated with a 7-in-1 and IBR vaccine, received a copper bullet, and were given B-12 plus selenium and were drenched. They were weighed again on Thursday the 13th December - average weight 133Kg (only 1 heifer below 100Kg at 98 Kg) .They also received their booster 7-in-1 vaccine.

Calving 8 Jan 2018BCS 21 Nov 2018

BCS 29 Oct 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February. This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.8. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 8 Jan 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 8 Jan 2019

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3. irrigation has occurred for 5 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 6.4 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 8 Jan 2019

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10412 kgDM/day or 65 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 10412 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,432kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1432 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2434 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 22 days with a target of 22-24 days round.
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 1.3 Paddocks post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 37.38 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 101 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out today for re grassing. As we have a slight surplus of grass we will mow this paddock on Thursday and make into balage. Early next week this paddock will be cultivated and re-sown.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.