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Latest Farm Walk Notes

Farm Walks are held every Tuesday morning throughout the year. They start at 9.00am sharp so be there by 8.50am. Farmers or their managers and staff are welcome to walk with the Management Team, bring your platemeter and clean gumboots. Please phone the SIDDC office to notify of your intention: Ph: 03 423 0022.

 The farm walk notes are a commentary covering the main points discussed at the weekly farm meeting held by the LUDF Management Team.  

During the milking season the farm walk notes are updated at weekly intervals, during the off-season this may occur monthly.

Tuesday 15 January 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly

Key points

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.81Kg MS
  • Growth past week 80KgDm
  • Farm cover 2399kgDM/ha
  • 17.8 mm of rain for the week
  • 4 Days irrigation
  • 2 Paddocks post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 15thJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2399kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

17.8⁰C

SCC

172,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.81 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.83

Milk Fat – 4.90%

Milk Protein – 4.07%

 

Farm Walk – 22nd January Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. No new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned. On Monday the 12th December they were vaccinated with a 7-in-1 and IBR vaccine, received a copper bullet, and were given B-12 plus selenium and were drenched .These were weighed again on Thursday the 13th December average weight 133Kg (only 1 heifer below 100Kg at 98 Kg) .They also received there booster 7-in-1 vaccine.

BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4

 Calving 15 Jan 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

  

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating.
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks - 88%
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February. This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 17.8. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 15 Jan 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 15 Jan 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3. Irrigation has occurred for 4 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 17.8 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 15 Jan 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10412 kgDM/day or 65 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 10412 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1,632kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1632 + 1550 = 3182 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2399kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 17.5 ha post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 36.67 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 106 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne DM harvested. This paddock will be cultivated and re sown over the next week. Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 8 January 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 22 days
  • Cows averaged 1.85Kg MS
  • Growth past week 82KgDm
  • Farm cover 2434
  • 6.4mm of rain for the week
  • 5 Days irrigation
  • 1.3 Paddocks post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 8thJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2434kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

82kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

22 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

19⁰C

SCC

179,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.85 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 4.95%

Milk Protein – 4.05%

 

Farm Walk – 15th January Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. There were 10 new lame cows and no new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned. On Monday the 12th December they were vaccinated with a 7-in-1 and IBR vaccine, received a copper bullet, and were given B-12 plus selenium and were drenched. They were weighed again on Thursday the 13th December - average weight 133Kg (only 1 heifer below 100Kg at 98 Kg) .They also received their booster 7-in-1 vaccine.

Calving 8 Jan 2018BCS 21 Nov 2018

BCS 29 Oct 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December. Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February. This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.8. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 8 Jan 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 8 Jan 2019

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3. irrigation has occurred for 5 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 6.4 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 8 Jan 2019

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10412 kgDM/day or 65 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 10412 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,432kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1432 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2434 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 22 days with a target of 22-24 days round.
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 1.3 Paddocks post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 37.38 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 101 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out today for re grassing. As we have a slight surplus of grass we will mow this paddock on Thursday and make into balage. Early next week this paddock will be cultivated and re-sown.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 18 December 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Identifying cycling cows
  2. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  3. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 22 days
  • Cows averaged 1.95Kg MS
  • Growth past week 84KgDm
  • Farm cover 2367
  • 4 Mils of rain for the week
  • 3 Days irrigation
  • Cow condition holding Average 4.5
  • 2 Paddocks post graze mown

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 18thDecember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2367kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

84kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

22 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

16.8⁰C

SCC

196,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.95 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.83

Milk Fat – 4.85%

Milk Protein – 4.01%

 

Farm Walk – 18th December Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. There were 10 new lame cows and 1 new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned. On Monday the 12th December they were vaccinated with a 7-in-1 and IBR vaccine, received a copper bullet, and were given B-12 plus selenium and were drenched .These were weighed again on Thursday the 13th December average weight 133Kg (only 1 heifer below 100Kg at 98 Kg) .They also received there booster 7-in-1 vaccine.

BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 21st October. Average BCS was 4.5 

Calving 18 Dec 2018

BCS 21 Nov 2018BCS 29 Oct 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.8. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 18 Dec 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 18 Dec 2018

 

 

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.
  3. Irrigation has occurred for 3 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 4 mls of rain over the last week.

 

1

 

1.      This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.

2.      Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.

3.      irrigation has occurred for 3 days over the last week.

4.      The farm received 4 mls of rain over the last week..      This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.

2.      Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot.

3.      irrigation has occurred for 3 days over the last week.

4.      The farm received 4 mls of rain over the last week.

 

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 18 Dec 2018

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,518kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1518 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 367 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 22 days with a target of 22-24 days round.
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 2 Paddocks post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 30.17 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 82 kg.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 11 December 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Identifying cycling cows
  2. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  3. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly

 

Key points:

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 24 days
  • Cows averaged 1.97Kg MS
  • Growth past week 55KgDm
  • Farm cover 2437
  • 9 Mils of rain for the week
  • No irrigation
  • Cow condition holding Average 4.5
  • Achieved good residuals despite very wet ground conditions
  • 1 paddock post graze mown

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 11thDecember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2437kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

55kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

16.1⁰C

SCC

205,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.97 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 4.95%

Milk Protein – 4.02%

 

Farm Walk – 18th December Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. There were 10 new lame cows and 1 new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk. These were weighed on Monday the 12th and there were 136 over 100 Kg and 24 that were between 86Kg and 99Kg. All calves are now on all grass.

Calving 11 Dec 2018

BCS 21 Nov 2018

BCS 29 Oct 2018

 

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 544 99%.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 16.1. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 11 Dec 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 11 Dec 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 3 span pivot .
  3. No irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 9 mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 11 Dec 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,518kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1518 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2437 kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 22-24 days round.
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 1 Paddock post graze mown during the past week.
  7. 39.27 Ha received 25Kg/Ha of N-protect.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 4 December 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management
  2. Identifying cycling cows
  3. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  4. Irrigation season has started! Then stopped

 

 Key points:

  • 1.6 Kg Dm per day to hold round
  • Round length 21 days
  • Cows holding at 2.07Kg MS
  • Growth past week 95KgDm
  • Farm cover 2332
  • 10.8 Mils of rain for the week
  • No irrigation
  • Cow condition holding Average 4.5
  • Achieved good residuals despite very wet ground conditions
  • No mowing

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 4thDecember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2332kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

95kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

21 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

15.8⁰C

SCC

196,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.07 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.83

Milk Fat – 4.89%

Milk Protein – 4.13%

 

Farm Walk – Tuesday 11th December Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. There were 6 new lame cows and no new mastitis cows this week.
  3. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  4. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk . These were weighed on Monday the 12th and there were 136 over 100 Kg and 24 that were between 86Kg and 99Kg .The smaller group of 24 are still on ablib meal .
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 29th October. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.

Calving 4 Dec 2018

 

BCS 29 Oct 18BCS 21 Sept 18

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 540 98%.

 

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 14. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 4 Dec 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 4 Dec 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. No irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 10.8 mils of rain over the last week.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.

Tuesday 27 November 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management
  2. Identifying cycling cows
  3. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  4. Irrigation season has started! Then stopped

 Summary

  • No supplement fed season to date
  • Cows holding at 2.1Kg MS
  • Growth past week 74KgDm
  • Farm cover 2300
  • 39 mls of rain for the week
  • No irrigation
  • Cow condition holding Average 4.5
  • Achieved good residuals despite very wet ground conditions
  • No pre graze mowing 2 paddocks post graze mown

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 27thNovember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2300kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

74kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

23 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

14⁰C

SCC

220,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.1 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.79

Milk Fat – 5.04%

Milk Protein – 4.01%

 

 

 

 

 

Farm Walk – 4th December. Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 4 new lame cows and 3 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk. These were weighed on Monday the 12th and there were 136 over 100 Kg and 24 that were between 86Kg and 99Kg. The smaller group of 24 are still on adlib meal.
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 29th October. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.

Calving 27 Nov 2018

 

BCS 29 Oct 18

BCS 21 Sept 18

Mating preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 537 97%.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 14. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 27 Nov 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 27 Nov 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. No irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 36 mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 27 Nov 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,518kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1518 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. This has been another good week of growth at LUDF, with warm temperatures and enough soil moisture.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2300kgDM/ha.
  4. Round length last week was 23 days with a target of 22-24 days round.
  5. Cows achieved good residuals despite very wet ground conditions
  6. 13.91 Ha was post graze mown this week.
  7. N*-protect was applied to 34.72 Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week.
  8. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next and react accordingly.

Tuesday 20 November 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management
  2. Identifying cycling cows
  3. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  4. Irrigation season has started! Then stopped

 Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 20thNovember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2367kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

79kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

14.6⁰C

SCC

246,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.1 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 4.89%

Milk Protein – 3.96%

Farm Walk – 27th November Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 3 new lame cows and 2 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk . These were weighed on Monday the 12th and there were 136 over 100 Kg and 24 that were between 86Kg and 99Kg .The smaller group of 24 are still on ablib meal .
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 29th October. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.Calving 20 Nov 2018
  7. BCS 29 Oct 2018
  8. BCS 21 Sept 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                               i.      2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                             ii.      9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                            iii.      11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                           iv.      28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                             v.      1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                           vi.      2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                          vii.      15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                                        viii.      19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                           ix.      60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                             x.      23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                           xi.      24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 526 95%.

 

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 14.6 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 20 Nov 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 20 Nov 2018

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. No irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 17.6 mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 20 Nov 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,518kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1518 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. This has been another good week of growth at LUDF, with warm temperatures and enough soil moisture.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2367kgDM/ha.
  4. Round length last week was 24 days with a target of 22-24 days round.
  5. 22.04 Ha was pre graze mown this week.
  6. N*-protect was applied to 38.951Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week.
  7. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next and react accordingly.

Tuesday 13 November 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management
  2. Identifying cycling cows
  3. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  4. Irrigation season has started! Then stopped...

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 13thNovember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2334kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

25.6 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

13.8⁰C

SCC

257,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.1 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.78

Milk Fat – 4.96%

Milk Protein – 3.88%

 

Farm Walk – 20th November Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 2 new lame cows and 1 new mastitis cow this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded, DNA sampled and put outside. Blood samples were also taken for BVD (all tested negative).
  6. All heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk. These were weighed on Monday the 12th and there were 136 over 100 Kg and 24 that were between 86Kg and 99Kg. The smaller group of 24 are still on ad lib meal and the ones over 100 are being offered around 1kg of meal for another week at which time we will have enough grass to wean them completely off meal.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 29th October. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.

Calving 13 Nov 18

BCS 29 Oct 18BCS 21 Sept 18

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 percent
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 512.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 13.8 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeksSTemp 13 Nov 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).SMoist 13 Nov 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. irrigation has occurred for half a day the last week.
  4. The farm received 38.8mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedgeFeedWedge 13 Nov 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We could currently drop down to a minimum of a 22 day round which the line on the current feed wedge is set for.
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 7.27 ha/day = 1,518kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1518 + 1550 = 3068 kgDM/ha.
  2. This has been another good week of growth at LUDF, with warm temperatures and enough soil moisture.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2334kgDM/ha.
  4. Round length last week was 25.6 days with a target of 25 days round.
  5. Paddock S6 was harvested for silage 19.2 tonne Dm
  6. 20.6 Ha was pre-graze mown this week.
  7. Urea was applied to 38.471Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week. From this week we will start using N-Protect
  8. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 2days.
  4. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next and react accordingly.

Tuesday 6 November 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management
  2. Identifying cycling cows
  3. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  4. Irrigation season has started!

 Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 6thNovember 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2387kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

73kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

27 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

12.4⁰C

SCC

257,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.17 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.77

Milk Fat – 5.05%

Milk Protein – 3.90%

 

Farm Walk – 13th November Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 3 new lame cows and 1 new mastitis cow this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded, DNA sampled and put outside. Blood samples were also taken for BVD (all tested negative).
  6. 144 heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk and are now on adlib meal and grass. All calves will be weighed next Monday and all calves over 100Kg will be weaned off meal onto grass.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 29th October. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.Calving 6 Nov 2018BCS 29 Oct 2018BCS 21 Sep 2018

Mating preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. Total number of cows mated to-date: 477 or 23.8 cows/day average.

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 12.4 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 6 Nov 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 6 Nov 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. No irrigation has occurred over the last week.
  4. The farm received 12.2mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 6 Nov 2018

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1,725kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1725 + 1550 = 3275 kgDM/ha.
  2. This has been an another good week of growth at LUDF, with warm temperatures and enough soil moisture.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2387kgDM/ha.
  4. Round length last week was 27 days with a target of 25 days round.
  5. Paddock S6 was skipped during last weeks round and is going to be harvested for silage .
  6. Total round length for the week was 23 days ,27 days with the cows plus paddock S6 taken out for silage.
  7.  With current growth above demand and very good quality pasture in front of us, pre-graze mowing has been started with 14.6 hectares pre-graze mown this week and paddock S5 post graze mown 8.34 hectares.
  8. Urea was applied to 35.21Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week. From next week we will start using N-Protect.
  9. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October.

 

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 25 days.
  4. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next and react accordingly.

Tuesday 30 October 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management
  2. Identifying cycling cows
  3. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  4. Irrigation season has started!

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 30thOctober 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2416kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

26 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

552

Ave Soil Temp (week)

13.8⁰C

SCC

245,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.15 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.78

Milk Fat – 4.96%

Milk Protein – 3.86%

 

Farm Walk – 6th November Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 552 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 2 new lame cows and 1 new mastitis cow this week.
  4. We had 1 death this week and 1 cow was culled.
  5. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  6. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded, DNA sampled and put outside. Blood samples were also taken for BVD (all tested negative).
  7. 144 heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk and are now on adlib meal and grass. All calves will be weighed next Monday and all calves over 100Kg will be weaned off meal onto grass.
  8. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 26th September. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.Calving 30 Oct 2018BCS 29 Oct 2018BCS 21 Sep 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. Total number of cows mated to-date: 331 or 25.5 cows/day average.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 13.8 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 30 Oct 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 30 Oct 2018

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. This week there has been 1 day irrigation in the north block and 1 day irrigation in the south block.
  4. The farm received 21.4mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 20 Oct 2018

  1. The pre-grazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 552 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,040 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 11,040 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1,725kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1725 + 1550 = 3275 kgDM/ha.
  2. This has been another good week of growth at LUDF, with warm temperatures and enough soil moisture.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2416kgDM/ha.
  4. Round length last week was 26 days with a target of 25 days round.
  5. Paddock S5 was skipped during last week’s round and was going to be harvested for silage .Due to the unavailability of a contractor and the wet weather we are currently experiencing we will graze this paddock tomorrow with the big herd and post graze mow it .At this stage there is a slight deficit coming through on the wedge .If we appear to have surplus early next week we will skip a paddock then and if the weather allows harvest it for silage.
  6. With current growth above demand and very good quality pasture in front of us, pre-graze mowing has been started with 30.86 hectares pre-graze mown this week.
  7. No post-graze mowing done this week.
  8. Urea was applied to 29.51Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week.
  9. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 552 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 25 days.
  4. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and use supplements if required.

Tuesday 23 October 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).


Critical issues for the short term

1.      Turn attention to mating management
2.      Set up irrigation
3.      Manage round length and feed quality
 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 23rd October 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2467kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

102kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

27 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

554

Ave Soil Temp (week)

12.9⁰C

SCC

250,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.25 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 4.87%

Milk Protein – 3.96%

Special Farm Walk – 30th October with a season-to-date update for LUDF and a walk through pastures and herd.

Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 554 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 5 new lame cows and 7 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded, DNA sampled and put outside. Blood samples were also taken for BVD (all tested negative).
  6. 118 heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk and are now on adlib meal and grass.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 21st September. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.
  8. As a result of BCS data 3 cows that were BCS 3.5 were changed from the big herd into the small herd.

Calving 23 Oct 2018

 

BCS 23 Oct 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without the bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     Repeat this cycle in 10 days’ time but inseminations done on observed heat only

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. Total number of cows mated to-date: 168 or 26 cows/day average.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 12.9 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 23 Oct 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 23 Oct 2018

 

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. This week there has been 1 day irrigation in the north block and 1 day irrigation in the south block.
  4. The farm received no rain over the last week.

 

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 23 Oct 2018

 

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 554 cows eating 20 kgDM/cow/day = 11,080 kgDM/day or 69 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 11,080 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1,731kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1731 + 1550 = 3280 kgDM/ha.
  2. This has been an exceptional week for successful pasture growth at LUDF, with warm temperatures and enough soil moisture.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2467kgDM/ha.
  4. Round length last week was 27 days with a target of 25 days round.
  5. With current growth above demand and very good quality pasture in front of us, pre-graze mowing has been started with 33 hectares pre-graze mown this week.
  6. No post-graze mowing done this week.
  7. Urea was applied to 41.39Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week.
  8. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 554 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 25 days.
  4. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and use supplements if required.

Tuesday 16 October 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management (monitoring pre-mating heats).
  2. Set up irrigation
  3. Manage round length and feed quality through second round

 Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 16th October 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2377kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

74kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

24 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

555

Ave Soil Temp (week)

10⁰C

SCC

264,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.27 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.77

Milk Fat – 5.09%

Milk Protein – 3.94%

Special Farm Walk – 23rd October with a season-to-date update for LUDF and a walk through pastures and herd.

Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 555 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were 5 new lame cows and 6 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September. 16 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded, DNA sampled and put outside. Blood samples were also taken for BVD (all tested negative).
  6. 118 heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk and are now on adlib meal and grass.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 21st September. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.
  8. As a result of BCS data 3 cows that were BCS 3.5 were changed from the big herd into the small herd.Calving 16 Oct 2018

BCS 16 Oct 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     Repeat this cycle in 10 days’ time but inseminations done on observed heat only

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metrichecked1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 10 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeksSTemp 16 Oct 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).SMoist 16 Oct 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  3. North block irrigation is now being tested in preparation for the irrigation season.
  4. The farm has received 25.8 mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Below is our autumn spring tracker

 Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover Tracker

Cover Track 16 Oct 2018

Figure 4: This week’s feed wedgeFeedwedge 16 Oct 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 555 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10,545 kgDM/day or 66 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 10545 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1648 kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1648 + 1550 = 3198 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2463kgDM/ha. This is 48 kgDM/ha less than the target line.
  3. We are now in our second grazing round and will be aiming for a 25 day round. To maintain a 25 day round we need growth of 66Kg/DM per day
  4. Urea was applied to 47.97Ha at a rate of 55Kg Urea /ha over the last week.
  5. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers and early start of mating last season) and has now ended as balance date happened last week. First grazing round was finished by 20th September.
  6. Pre-graze mowing was not done this week. 5 ha were post graze mown
  7. Paddock N-11 was under sown with a mix of Trojan, Plantain and Clover at a rate of 15Kg mixed seed/Ha on the 2nd October
  8. Below is our plan vs actual SRPSRP 16 Oct 2018

Pre Post Graze APC 16 Oct 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 555 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. We will monitor round length over the next week supplement will be used if required to hold round length.

Tuesday 9 October 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management (monitoring pre-mating heats).
  2. Set up irrigation
  3. Manage round length and feed quality through second round

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 9th October 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2334kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

93kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

26 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

556

Ave Soil Temp (week)

10.3 ⁰C

SCC

270,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.26 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.81

Milk Fat – 4.90%

Milk Protein – 3.98%

Special Farm Walk – 16th October with a season-to-date update for LUDF and a walk through the pastures and herd.
Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager
Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 553 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There were no new lame cows however 11 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 27 highest cell count cows (cows over 1,000,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .11 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking. The next highest 20 cows will be sampled over the next couple of days.
  5. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded, DNA sampled and put outside. Blood samples were also taken for BVD (all tested negative).
  6. 51 heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk and are now on adlib meal and grass.
  7. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 21st September. Average BCS was 4.6 which is above the expected BCS for this time of year as per the graph below.
  8. As a result of BCS data 3 cows that were BCS 3.5 were changed from the big herd into the small herd.

Calving 9 Oct 2018

  1. BCS 9 Oct 2018

Mating preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     Repeat this cycle in 10 days’ time but inseminations done on observed heat only

  1. 35 first calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metrichecked1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 and 133 during week 3. To date 354 cows have shown signs of a heat 63%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 10.3 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeksSTemp 9 Oct 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).SMoist 9 Oct 2018

 

  • This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  1. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 2 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for a 4 span new pivot on the north block to better irrigate the Ellesmere Junction road corner.
  2. North block irrigation is now being tested in preparation for the irrigation season.
  3. The farm has received no rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Below is our autumn-spring tracker:

 Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover Tracker

Cover Farm Tracker 9 Oct 2018

 Figure 4: This week’s feed wedgeFeed Wedge 9 Oct 2018

 The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:

    • 556 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10,564 kgDM/day or 66 kgDM/Ha/day)
    • We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    • 10564 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1650 kgDM
    • Pre-graze cover = 1650 + 1550 = 3200 kgDM/ha.
  1. Average Pasture Cover is 2463kgDM/ha. This is 38 kgDM/ha more than the target line.
  2. We are now in our second grazing round and will be aiming for a 25 day round. To maintain a 25 day round we need growth of 66Kg/DM per day
  3. Urea was applied to 21.81Ha at a rate of 55Kg /ha over the last week.
  4. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers and early start of mating last season) and has now ended as balance date has just happened this week. First grazing round was finished by 20th September.
  5. Pre-graze mowing has started for the season on a couple of paddocks that required tidying up from first round grazing.
  6. Below is our plan vs actual SRPSRP 9 Oct 2018

Pre Post Grazing APC 9 Oct 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 556 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. We will monitor round length over the next week supplement will be used if required to hold round length.

Tuesday 2 October 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Turn attention to mating management (monitoring pre-mating heats).
  2. Set up irrigation
  3. Manage round length and feed quality through second round

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 2nd October 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2334kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

51kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

29 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

541

Ave Soil Temp (week)

10.2 ⁰C

SCC

228,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.35 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.79

Milk Fat – 5.08%

Milk Protein – 3.99%

Next Farm Walk – 9th October. Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 541 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There has been 1 death this week. There was 4 new lame cows and 7 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded and put outside these have also been DNA sampled and bloods taken for BVD all of which have come back negative.
  5. 51 heifer replacement calves have now been weaned off milk and are now on adlib meal and grass.
  6. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 21st September below are the graphs. Average BCS was 4.6
  7. As a result of BCS data 3 cows that were BCS 3.5 were changed from the big herd into the small herd.Calving 2 Oct 2018
  8. BCS 2 Oct 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. This year we will not be running bulls with our yearling heifers. We will be doing a Cidre program which started today. Cidres were inserted today and will be removed next Tuesday and all heifers will be blanket mated on the 11th September.
  3. Milkers were Metrichecked Monday 3rd September, 33 were treated (6%) for metritis and bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows and will be analysed in preparation for mating. Results show that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating. Another herd metrocheck was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  4. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2.

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 9.8 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeksSTemp 2 Oct 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).SMoist 2 Oct 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm has received 2.8mls of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

  1. Below is our autumn spring tracker

 Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover TrackerSpring cover tracker 2 Oct 2018

Figure 4: This week’s feed wedgeFeedWedge 2 Oct 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 535 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9,864 kgDM/day or 61 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 9864 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1,541 kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1,541 + 1550 = 3091 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2334kgDM/ha. This is 41 kgDM/ha more than the target line.
  3. We are now in our second grazing round and will be aiming for a 25 day round. To maintain a 25 day round we need growth of 61Kg/DM per day we only achieved 51 over the last week which should mean we are in deficit but over the last week we achieved a 29 day round which suggests we have more feed than measured.
  4. All paddocks have now had Ammo 31 applied next round we will be going to Urea.
  5. Urea was applied to 21.71Ha at a rate of 55Kg /ha over the last week.
  6. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers) and is planned to end on / about 25 September. Actual end date was the 20th  September
  7. Below is our plan vs actual SRPSpring Rotation Planner 2 Oct 2018Pre Post Grazing APC 2 Oct 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 541 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass
  3. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. We will monitor round length over the next week supplement will be used if required to hold round length.

Tuesday 25 September 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term
  1. Cow health and pasture management through calving
  2. Maintain a high quality of hygiene in calf sheds
  3. All newborn calves receive excellent care with regards to colostrum management, feeding, housing and health care
  4. Springer/colostrum cow health through calving
  5. Turn attention to mating management (monitoring pre-mating heats).
  6. Set up irrigation

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 25th September 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2372kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

53kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

27 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

531

Ave Soil Temp (week)

10.2 ⁰C

SCC

227,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.21 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.79

Milk Fat – 4.94%

Milk Protein – 3.92%

 

Next Farm Walk – 2nd October. Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 531 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 170 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (3 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 21st September). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There has been 1 death this week. There was 1 new lame cow and 4 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded and put outside these have also been DNA sampled and bloods taken for BVD all of which have come back negative.
  5. Freshly calved colostrum cows are receiving pasture dusted with 100g limeflour, and are getting Mag chloride through the water and no supplementary feeds.
  6. We are now back to running 1 springer mob as all Ai calving’s have now finished.
  7. Springers are being fed 6kg pasture and 6 Kg of silage with 100g of magnesium sulphate dusted on their daily silage and are getting Mag chloride through the water.
  8. All non-calved cows are now all back on East Block.
  9. There have been 40 cows treated for milk fever and 3 cows, 2 of which have had twins, with retained membranes.
  10. Milkers were Metrichecked Monday 3rd September, 33 were treated (6%) for metritis and bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows and will be analysed in preparation for mating. Results show that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
  11. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats. Based on a total of 555 cows able to be mated by Planned Start of Calving this would be a 63% 3-week submission rate at this point in time. This KPI will be changing weekly from now on.
  12. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 21st below are the graphs. Average BCS was 4.6
  13. As a result of BCS data 3 cows that were BCS 3.5 were changed from the big herd into the small herd.Calving 25 Sept 2018
  14. BCS 21 Sept 2018

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 10.2 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 25 Sept 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 25 Sept 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm has received 10mils of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

  1. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 3 months. The farm deliberately finished last season with an Average Pasture Cover of approximately 1900kgDM/ha which is lower than previous seasons. This was in anticipation of similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day. Actual average growth over June and July was 17.6 Kg DM/ha day.

 Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover TrackerSpring Cover Track 25 Sept 2018

Figure 4: This week’s feed wedgeFeed Wedge 25 Sept 2018

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 535 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9,630 kgDM/day or 60 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 9,630 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1,504 kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1,504 + 1550 = 3054 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2372kgDM/ha. This is 47 kgDM/ha more than the target line.
  3. We are now in our second grazing round and will be aiming for a 25 day round
  4. AMMO 31 has been applied to 54.67 Ha at a rate 80 Kg/Ha .All paddocks have now had Ammo 31 applied next round we will be going to Urea.
  5. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers) and is planned to end on / about 25 September. Actual end date was the 20th  September
  6. 26.  Below is our plan vs actual SRPSpring Rotation Planner 25 Sept 2018

Pre Post Grazing and APC 25 Sept 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 531 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass.
  3. Urea will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. No supplement will be fed over the next week.

Tuesday 18 September 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Cow health and pasture management through calving
  2. Maintain a high quality of hygiene in calf sheds
  3. All newborn calves receive excellent care with regards to colostrum management, feeding, housing and health care
  4. Springer/colostrum cow health through calving
  5. Turn attention to mating management (monitoring pre-mating heats).
  6. Set up irrigation

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 18th September 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2514kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

65kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

35 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

518

Ave Soil Temp (week)

9.8 ⁰C

SCC

203,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.13 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.84

Milk Fat – 4.67%

Milk Protein – 3.92%

Next Farm Walk – 25h September. Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure).

Herd Management

  1. There are 518 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 167 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (22 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 24th August). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There have been no deaths this week. There were 2 new lame cows and 3 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded and put outside these have also been DNA sampled and bloods taken for BVD all of which have come back negative.
  5. freshly calved colostrum cows are receiving pasture dusted with 100g limeflour, and are getting Mag chloride through the water and no supplementary feeds.
  6. We are now back to running 1 springer mob as all Ai calving’s have now finished.
  7. Springers are being fed 6kg pasture and 6 Kg of silage with 100g of magnesium sulphate dusted on their daily silage and are getting Mag chloride through the water.
  8. All non calved cows are now all back on East Block.
  9. There has been 40 cows treated for milk fever and 3 cows 2 of which have had twins with retained membranes.
  10. Milkers were Metrichecked Monday 3rd September, 33 were treated (6%) for metritis and bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows and will be analysed in preparation for mating.Results show that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
  11. Cows were tail painted last Thursday so as pre mating heats can be observed and recorded weekly.
  12. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 24th below are the graphs. Top 2 graphs represent the first herd mostly made up of heifers and the second 2 graphs represent the main herd.
  13. As a result of BCS data 22 cows that were BCS 4 or below were changed from the big herd into the small herd.

Calving 18 Sept 2018BCS1 18 Sept 2018Calving2 18 Sept 2018BCS2 18 Sept 2018

Growing Conditions

The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 9.8 °C. 

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeksSTemp 18 Sept 2018

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).SMoist 18 Sept 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm has received no rain over the last week.

 

 

 

Pasture and Feed Management

  1. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 3 months. The farm deliberately finished last season with an Average Pasture Cover of approximately 1900kgDM/ha which is lower than previous seasons. This was in anticipation of similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day. Actual average growth over June and July was 17.6 Kg DM/ha day.

 Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover Tracker

Spring Farm Cover Track 18 Sept 2018

 

Figure 4: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 18 Sept 2018

 

  1. We will be starting our second grazing round this Thursday 5 days earlier than scheduled but given the feed available in the second round this is a good thing.
  2. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 520 cows eating 18 kgDM/cow/day = 9,360 kgDM/day or 58 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. We will be grazing the farm on a 25 day round = 6.4 ha grazed/day
    3. 9,360 kgDM/day / 6.4 ha/day = 1,462 kgDM
    4. Pre-graze cover = 1,462 + 1550 = 3012 kgDM/ha.
  3. Average Pasture Cover is 2514kgDM/ha. This is 214 kgDM/ha more than the target line. Round length will be monitored closely to see if this is a true surplus.
  4. AMMO 31 has been applied to 21.7 Ha at a rate 80 Kg/Ha .
  5. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers) and is planned to end on / about 25 September. Actual end date will be the 20th
  6. 26.  Below is our plan vs actual SRPSpring Rotation Planner 18 Sept 2018

Pre Post Grazing APC 18 Sept 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 518 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass.
  3. Ammo 31 will continue to be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. No supplement will be fed over the next week.

Tuesday 11 September, 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

 Critical issues for the short term

  1. Monitor average pasture cover and shape of the wedge on the milking platform to meet planned cover through first grazing round (using the spring rotation plan)
  2. Cow health and pasture management through calving
  3. Maintain a high quality of hygiene in calf sheds
  4. All newborn calves receive excellent care with regards to colostrum management, feeding, housing and health care
  5. Springer/colostrum cow health through calving
  6. Turn attention to mating management (monitoring pre-mating heats).

 

 Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 11th September 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2446kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

41kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

45 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

501

Ave Soil Temp (week)

7.2 ⁰C

SCC

215,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.26 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.78

Milk Fat – 5.08%

Milk Protein – 3.96%

 

Next Farm Walk – 18h September. Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

 Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

 Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

 

 

Herd Management

  1. There are 501 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 167 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (22 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 24th August). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There have been no deaths this week. There were 2 new lame cows and 5 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged all these have now been dis budded and put outside these have also been DNA sampled and bloods taken for BVD all of which have come back negative.
  5. Freshly calved colostrum cows are receiving pasture dusted with 100g limeflour, and are getting Mag chloride through the water and no supplementary feeds.
  6. We are now back to running 1 springer mob as all AI calvings have now finished.
  7. Springers are being fed 6kg pasture and 6 Kg of silage with 100g of magnesium sulphate dusted on their daily silage and are getting Mag chloride through the water.
  8. All non-calved cows are now all back on East Block
  9. All cows have received a B12 plus selenium jab on returning from winter grazing.
  10. There has been 39 cows treated for milk fever and 3 cows 2 of which have had twins with retained membranes.
  11. Milkers were Metrichecked Monday 3rd September, 33 were treated (6%) for metritis and bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows and will be analysed in preparation for mating. Results show that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
  12. Cows will be tail painted this Thursday so as pre-mating heats can be observed and recorded weekly.
  13. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 24th below are the graphs. Top 2 graphs represent the first herd mostly made up of heifers and the second 2 graphs represent the main herd
  14. As a result of BCS data 22 cows that were BCS 4 or below were changed from the big herd into the small herd.

 

Calving 11 Sept 2018

  1. BCS1 11 Sept 2018Calving2 11 Sept 2018BCS2 11 Sept 2018

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 7.2 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeksSTemp 11 Sept 2018

 

 

 

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 11 Sept 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm has received 5 mm of rain over the last week.

 

Pasture and Feed Management

  1. Some paddocks are soft underfoot, particularly in the south block. Despite softer ground conditions cows are achieving good residuals
  2. Cows have had to work a bit harder this week to achieve good residuals. Paddocks grazed this week are showing some yellowing in the base which will have an effect on regrowth.
  3. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 3 months. The farm deliberately finished last season with an Average Pasture Cover of approximately 1900kgDM/ha which is lower than previous seasons. This was in anticipation of similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day. Actual average growth over June and July has been 17.6 Kg DM/ha day.

Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover Tracker

Farm cover track 11 Sept 2018

Figure 4: This week’s feed wedge

Feed Wedge 11 Sept 2018

  1. The highest current cover is in paddock S5 with 3510kgDM/ha
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2446kgDM/ha. This is 46 kgDM/ha more than the target line. This surplus grass is enabling us to stay on track with our spring rotation planner without the need to use any supplement. Despite paddocks being higher than desired cover the quality is still very good and cows are achieving a good residual
  3. AMMO 31 has been applied to 28.8 Ha at a rate 80 Kg/Ha .
  4. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers) and is planned to end on / about 25 September.
  5. 26.  Below is our plan vs actual SRP:SRP 11 Sept 2018Pre and Post Grazing APC 11 Sept 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 501 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass, allocating more area if necessary to avoid pugging
  3. AMMO will continue to be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. No supplement will be fed over the next week.

Tuesday 4 September 2018

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 Critical issues for the short term

  1. Monitor average pasture cover and shape of the wedge on the milking platform to meet planned cover through first grazing round (using the spring rotation plan).
  2. Watch cow BCS to ensure all cows meet BCS targets at calving (min 5 for MA cows and 5.5 for R2’s and R3yr’s)
  3. Cow health and pasture management through calving
  4. Maintain a high quality of hygiene in calf sheds
  5. All newborn calves receive excellent care with regards to colostrum management, feeding, housing and health care
  6. Springer/colostrum cow health through calving

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 4th September 2018

Ave Past Cover

 

2496kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

26kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

40 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

494

Ave Soil Temp (week)

8.14 ⁰C

SCC

219,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

2.17 kgMS

 

Protein / Fat

0.82

Milk Fat – 4.96%

Milk Protein – 4.08%

Next Farm Walk – 11h September. Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us.  Please call to notify us of your intention and bring your plate meter and clean gumboots. Phone SIDDC – 03 423 0022.

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 494 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The herd was split on Monday 21st August. The small herd has 158 first calving heifers and a few low BCS cows (22 low BCS cows were transferred from the big herd to the small herd following the BCS on Friday 24th August ). The remaining animals are all in the large herd.
  3. There have been no deaths this week. There were 3 new lame cows and 5 new mastitis cows this week.
  4. 167 replacement heifer calves have been tagged
  5. The last 7 replacement heifers were disbudded yesterday and were put outside today ,167 have now been disbudded and put outside These have also been DNA sampled.
  6. Freshly calved colostrum cows are receiving pasture dusted with 100g limeflour, and are getting Mag chloride through the water and no supplementary feeds.
  7. We are now back to running 1 springer mob as all Ai calving’s have now finished.
  8. Springers are being fed 6kg pasture and 6 Kg of silage with 100g of magnesium sulphate dusted on their daily silage and are getting Mag chloride through the water.
  9. All non calved cows are now all back on East Block.
  10. All cows have received a B12 plus selenium jab on returning from winter grazing.
  11. There has been 39 cows treated for milk fever and 3 cows 2 of which have had twins with retained membranes.
  12. Milkers were Metrichecked yesterday 3rd September, 33 were treated (6%) for metritis and bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows and will be analysed in preparation for mating.
  13. BCS of cows in milk was done on Friday 24th below are the graphs. Top 2 graphs represent the first herd mostly made up of heifers and the second 2 graphs represent the main herd
  14. As a result of BCS data 22 cows that were BCS 4 or below were changed from the big herd into the small herd.Calving 4 Sept 2018BCS1 4 Sept 2018Calving2 4 Sept 2018BCS2 4 Sept 2018

 

Growing conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 8.14 °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 4 Sept 2018

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2).

SMoist 4 Sept 2018

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. The farm has received 23.8 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

  1. Some paddocks are soft underfoot, particularly in the south block. Despite softer ground conditions cows are achieving good residuals
  2. Below is our autumn spring tracker that we will monitor over the next 3 months. The farm deliberately finished last season with an Average Pasture Cover of approximately 1900kgDM/ha which is lower than previous seasons. This was in anticipation of similar winter growth as in recent years (and acknowledges the amount of the farm in more winter active - hybrid perennial ryegrasses). The target APC at the end of July remains at 2600kgDM/ha and requires an average growth rate over the winter of 11.5kgDM/ha/day. Actual average growth over June and July has been 17.6 Kg DM/ha day.

 Figure 3: Autumn – Spring 2018 Cover Tracker

Farm Cover 4 Sept 2018

Figure 4: This week’s feed wedgeFeed Wedge 4 Sept 2018

  1. The highest current cover is in paddock S9 with 3500kgDM/ha
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2496kgDM/ha. This is 96 kgDM/ha more than the target line. This surplus grass is enabling us to stay on track with our spring rotation planner without the need to use any supplement. Despite paddocks being higher than desired cover the quality is still very good and cows are achieving a good residual with the exception of around 3 hectares that the cows were allocated yesterday. Residuals were higher than desired due to very wet ground conditions.
  3. AMMO 31 has been applied to 53 Ha at a rate 80 Kg/Ha.
  4. Our Spring Rotation Planner has started on the 24th July (due to synchronizing the heifers) and is planned to end on / about 25 September.
  5. 26.  Below is our plan vs actual SRP:Spring Rotation Planner 4 Sept 2018
  6. Pre and Post Grazing APC 4 Sept 2018

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 494 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass, allocating more area if necessary to avoid pugging
  3. AMMO will continue to be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  4. No supplement will be fed over the next week.

22 January 2019

LUDF – focus for 2018/19 Season: Nil-Infrastructure, low input, low N-loss, optimise profit.

Farm system comprises 3.5 cows/ha (peak milked), Target up to 170kgN/ha, 300kgDM/cow imported supplement, plus winter most cows off farm. FWE of less than $1.1 million and Target production of over 500kgMS/cow (>100% liveweight in milk production).

 

Critical issues for the short term

  1. Managing average pasture cover / cow intakes / residuals as pastures start going to seed
  2. Monitor Soil moisture and irrigate accordingly
  3. Start setting the farm and herd up for next season with round length and BCS monitoring and management

 

Key points

  • No silage fed
  • Round length 22 days
  • Cows averaged 1.81Kg MS
  • Growth past week 80KgDm
  • Farm cover 2343
  • 6.6 mm of rain for the week
  • 4 Days irrigation
  • 11 Ha post graze mown
  • 70% six week incalf rate

 

Key Numbers - week ending Tuesday 22ndJanuary 2019

Ave Past Cover

 

2343kgDM/ha

(Rising Plate Meter)

Pasture Growth Rate

80kgDM (Rising Plate Meter)

Round length

22 (for 160ha)

Ave Supplement used (Milking cows)

0 kgDM/ milking cow/day

No Cows on farm

548

Ave Soil Temp (week)

17.2⁰C

SCC

194,000

Ave kgMS/cow/day (cows in vat)

1.81 kgMS

Protein / Fat

0.80

Milk Fat – 5.10%

Milk Protein – 4.09%

 

Farm Walk – 29th January Farmers or their managers and staff are always welcome to walk with us. 

Peter Hancox, Farm Manager

Please note – All visitors to the farm are now required to use boot washing facilities and disinfectant mat on arrival (and recommended to use on departure). 

Herd Management

  1. There are 548 calved cows and heifers on the milking platform.
  2. The farm continues to run 2 main herds plus the staff/lame herd. The makeup of the small herd changed on 16 January to a group of 165 mixed age cows that are below 4.5 and calving in the first 3 weeks of 2019-2020 lactation .The small herd isn’t pushed to achieve residuals getting the first 2 ha of each paddock for 24 hours then they are followed by the main herd who get all of the paddock and are expected to achieve a good residual over all of the paddock.
  3. No new mastitis cows this week.
  4. SCC has been an issue through the first part of this season. We have taken cultures of the 49 highest cell count cows (cows over 500,000) after our herd test on the 27th September .28 cows have tested positive for Staphylococcus aureus. Some of these have been treated and all of them are being milked last at each milking.
  5. BCS of cows in milk was done on Monday 11thJanuary. Average BCS was 4.4.

Calving 22 Jan 2019

BCS 11 Jan 2019

BCS 21 Nov 2018

Mating Preparedness

  1. Yearling heifers have received B-12 plus selenium and copper bullet plus drench and BVD vaccine and iodine injection in preparedness for mating
  2. Mating plan for yearling heifers:
    1. No bulls will be used
    2. To manage without he bulls, a CIDR programme will be used:

                                                    i.     2nd October: CIDRs were inserted on all heifers

                                                   ii.     9th October: CIDR were pulled out

                                                  iii.     11th October: blanket insemination.

                                                  iv.     28th October: Re insert CIDRs on all heifers

                                                   v.     1st  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  vi.     2nd and 3rd November mate to observed heats

                                                vii.     15th November preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               viii.     19th November reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                                  ix.     60 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                   x.     23rd  November Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                                  xi.     24th and 25th November mate to observed heats

                                                xii.     11th December preg test all heifers to identify who held to first insemination

                                               xiii.     11th December reinsert CIDRs to heifers not confirmed pregnant

                                               xiv.     77 heifers confirmed pregnant

                                                xv.     15 th  December Remove CIDRs Tail paint and put Kmars on

                                               xvi.     16th and 17th December mate to observed heats

                                              xvii.     28th Final preg test

 

  1. 35 1st, 2nd and 3rd calving heifers have been carried over from last season to help replacement numbers next season and allow for appropriate culling of animals, should not-InCalf rate remain high this season. These have undergone the same treatment as the yearling heifers for mating.
  2. Milking herd reproductive health:
    1. Metricheck 1 done on Monday 3rd September: 33 cows were treated (6%) for metritis. Bloods were taken from a random selection of 10 cows to check for mineral status. Results showed that all levels are adequate however we are adding extra selenium and iodine through the dosatron to increase levels for mating.
    2. Metricheck 2 was carried out on the 28th September another 9 cows were treated for metritis.
  3. Pre-mating heat detection started on Thursday the 20th September (all milking cows have been tail painted on Thursday13th September). 98 cows have shown signs of heat during week 1 of pre-mating heats and 123 cows have shown signs of heat during week 2 133 during week 3 and 162 during week 4. To date 418 cows have shown signs of a heat 75%.
  4. Planned start of mating: 18th October.
  5. Mating plan:
    1. Week 1: sexed semen
    2. Weeks 2-4: Premier Sires
    3. Week 5- 11: short gestation semen
  6. 486 cows were mated in first 3 weeks 88 %
  7. Total number of cows mated to-date: 546 99%.
  8. Last day of Mating 30th December .Total mating period 10 weeks 4 days
  9. Preg test 7/1 confirmed 70% six week incalf rate
  10. Next preg test 4th February .This will give us our whole herd incalf rate.

Growing Conditions

  1. The average 9 am soil temperature this week has been 17.2. °C.

Figure 1: Soil temperature history for the last 2 weeks

STemp 22 Jan 2019

Figure 2: Soil moisture history for the last 2 weeks (Paddock N2)

SMoist 22 Jan 2019

  1. This week’s graph represents the reading from the North Block moisture meters.
  2. Irrigation in the North Block has been changed to 3 pivots. The main centre pivot has been shifted and lost its corner arm. This has left room for 2 new pivots a 4 span pivot and a 2 span pivot .
  3. irrigation has occurred for 4 days over the last week.
  4. The farm received 6.6 mm of rain over the last week.

Pasture and Feed Management

Figure 3: This week’s feed wedge

FeedWedge 22 Jan 2019

  1. The pregrazing required for the demand line is calculated as follows:
    1. 548 cows eating 19 kgDM/cow/day = 10412 kgDM/day or 65 kgDM/Ha/day)
    2. 10412 kgDM/day / 6.38 ha/day = 1,632kgDM
    3. Pre-graze cover = 1632 + 1550 = 3182 kgDM/ha.
  2. Average Pasture Cover is 2343kgDM/ha.
  3. Round length last week was 22 days with a target of 22-24 day round. Demand line is set for 24 day round off 153 Ha
  4. No silage fed over the last week
  5. Cows achieved good residuals
  6. 11 ha post graze mown during the past week.
  7. Nitrogen, in the form of coated urea has been applied to 36.43 ha for this week at a rate of 25 kgN/ha (except in effluent areas). N-Protect (Urease inhibitor coated urea) will be used until the risks of ammonia volatilisation losses have reduced. This is likely to be late summer, depending on the weather conditions over this time. 
  8. The total average Nitrogen application to date across the whole farm is 112 kg
  9. Paddock N-4 was sprayed out 8 January for re grassing. This was mown and made into silage 12.2 Tonne Dm harvested. This paddock is now cultivated and will be re sown tomorrow morning. Total area available for cows is now 153 Ha until this paddock comes back into the round.

Feeding Management for the coming month

  1. We currently have 548 cows and heifers calved and grazing on the milking platform.
  2. Milkers will be fully fed on grass with silage being added if required to hold round length.
  3. We aim at grazing a round length of 22-24 days.
  4. N-protect will be applied through the week as weather allows and whole paddocks become available.
  5. We will monitor round length over the next week and react accordingly.