Partners Networking to Advance South Island Dairying

SIDDC Past Research


Cost Effective Minerals, SIDE 2003, Brett Walter, LUDF Manager [PDF 801 KB]
Sustainable Productive Support Land for South Island Dairying [PDF 47 KB]
LUDF Resource Inventory and Greenhouse Gas Footprint [PDF 23 KB]
The Impact of the LUDF and SIDDC on Canterbury and North Otago Farmers [PDF 75 KB]

Other projects

Dairy related projects at Lincoln University
SIDE is supporting with funding the following projects
Dairy related projects at Plant & Food Research
Dairy related research funded by Ravensdown/FertResearch
DairyNZ - projects at LUDF / LU Research Farm / SDF
LIC - dairy related research
Dairy related projects at AgResearch - September 2011

For further information please contact

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Dairy related projects at Lincoln University Dairy Farm – January 2012

  • Measurement of land surface temperatures and validation of satellite remote sensing data. Payman Zawar-Reza, Canterbury Uni
  • Native plants rhizospheres and soil pore water quality.  Professor N M Dickinson, Lincoln Uni
  • Yield mapping.  Samuel Dennis, AgResearch
  • Forage Footprints in dairy wintering in Canterbury.  John de Ruiter, Plant & Food Research
  • Determination of herbage litter yields during grazing events.  Professor T Clough, Lincoln Uni
  • Milk Progesterone sampling.  Chris Burke, DairyNZ
  • Measuring source and fate of agricultural nitrate: a dual isotope approach.  N Wells, Lincoln Uni
  • Monitoring clover root weevil establishment and buildup.  Mark McNeill, AgResearch
  • Forage Value Index.  David Chapman, DairyNZ
  • Long term monitoring of Soil, N, and faecal coliform across the platform.  Professor K Cameron, Lincoln University

Dairy related projects at Lincoln University Research Dairy Farm – October 2011

  • Dairy systems for environmental protection.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Grazing Management effects on N partitioning and milk yield.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Re-growth interval and time of day effects on forage composition. Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Rooting depth and nitrification inhibitor effects on nitrate leaching from dairy pastures.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • DM intake, milk yield, and nitrogen partitioning from simple and complex pastures mixtures.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Foraging behaviour of dairy cows. Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Grazing management of alternative pasture mixtures. Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Rooting depth effects on water use efficiency in dairy pastures. Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Insect pests attack and weed invasion in simple and complex pasture mixtures.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • N15 fractionation as a tool to measure nitrogen partitioning.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Nitrogen partitioning of cows on winter forage crops.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Novel trait based assessment for sustainable resource use.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Novel fungal endophyte strain effects on germination and seedling growth.  M Cripps, PhD Student, Lincoln University
  • Pasture and soil response to effects of altered plant traits.  M Cripps, PhD Student, Lincoln University
  • Protein and energy supplementation of cows in spring.  S Greenwood, Lincoln University
  • Winter feeding systems.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Winter feeding systems.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Supplementation timing.  S Greenwood, Lincoln University
  • Genetics of nitrogen partitioning in dairy cows.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Wine by-product effects on milk production and nitrogen losses from dairy cows.  S Greenwood, Lincoln University
  • Whey effects on milk production and nitrogen losses from dairy cows.  S Greenwood, Lincoln University
  • Oxide mitigation research [NOMR] trials.  Professor K Cameron, Lincoln University
  • The role of lucerne in dairy production systems in Canterbury.  Professor G Edwards, Lincoln University
  • Farmlet comparisons, Pastoral 2, Milking platform.  Professors G Edwards and K Cameron, Lincoln University and D Chapman, DairyNZ
  • Farmlet comparisons, Pastoral 2, Wintering system.  Professors G Edwards and K Cameron, Lincoln University and D Chapman, DairyNZ
  • Dairy pasture persistence.   D Chapman, DairyNZ

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SIDE has supported with seed funding the following projects:

  • An examination of the costs of the non-induction policy of the LUDF. Anna Paton, LU Student
  • Dairy run-off management and profitability. Brendan Richards, LU Student
  • Total Productivity Factors. Adam McCall, LU Student
  • Sustainable, Productive Support Land for South Island Dairying. SIDDC Research Group
  • South Island Dairy Lameness. Jim Gibbs, Lincoln University
  • Pasture analysis to investigate Spring milk production dip at LUDF. Prof Richard Dewhurst, Lincoln University
  • Effluent irrigator audit. Debbie Care, DairyNZ
  • Future proofing Southland Dairy Farm systems. Southland Demonstration Farm
  • Winter feeding systems for Southland's burgeoning dairy industry. Dawn Dalley, DairyNZ
  • Shorter milking times. Jenny Jago, DairyNZ
  • West Coast monitor farms. Michael Hart, West Coast Focus Farm Advisory Board
  • Improving reproductive performance in large herds. Chris Burke, DairyNZ
  • Assessment of nitrogen [N] uptake of 16 pasture grass species under high N loading. Jim Moir, Lincoln University
  • Nitrogen fixation and performance of white clover in the present of clover root weevil. Mark McNeill, AgResearch.

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Dairy related projects at Plant & Food Research - October 2011

  • Determine the impacts of dairying on soils by studying the efficiency of soil nitrogen use by winter feed crops, and effects of cultivation practices, simulated grazing and urine deposition on nitrate leaching under grazed forages (Pastoral 21 P-II: MSI, DairyNZ, Beef +Lamb, Fonterra).
  • Define soil physical and chemical properties that influence nitrogen transformations in grazed forage crop systems and the effects of changed land use on processes of water and N use (MSI).
  • Determine the carbon, nitrogen and water footprints of forage crops in differing winter feeding systems (MAF-SFF, SIDDC).
  • Assess the impacts of increased use of crops for supplementary feeding on dairy farms in Taranaki using split herds grazing on ‘all grass’ vs ‘grass + crop’ systems and determine the long-term effects on soil properties (MAF-SFF).
  • Develop forecasting systems around research models (APSIM ) and crop calculators  for managing irrigation and fertiliser N requirements forage cereals and brassicas (Ballance Agri-Nutrients).
  • Breeding and selection of new cereal and brassica forage cultivars with improved productivity and quality (MSI and industry).
  • Develop new opportunities for reducing the impact of insect damage in brassica crops, and improving the dispersion of biological control agents for chewing insects (MAF–SFF).
  • Develop guidelines for improving fertiliser management on West Coast hump and hollow and flipped soils as they develop following modification (MAF–SFF, Westland Milk Products).
  • Develop and evaluate AquaTrac for monitoring crop and pasture water use and for managing whole farm irrigation.

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Dairy related research funded by Ravensdown / FertResearch - November 2011

  • Increasing dairy productivity (high rates of N) while not increasing N loss (multiple eco n applications). This is being investigated at LUDF and in Southland.
  • On-going development of OVERSEER Nutrient budget software (FertResearch, MAF and AgResearch)
  • All paddock testing to remove nutrient restrictions and avoid unnecessary application of unneeded nutrients. (LUDF, commercial farms)
  • Within paddock variation in soil fertility and other soil properties. (Commercial farm)
  • Investigating best timing of eco n application in relation to late summer/early autumn urine deposition. (Canterbury, Southland and as a subset in the NOMR trial series).

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DairyNZ South Island Research Projects – November 2011


1. MSI 20 Dairy Systems for Environmental Sustainability – Dave Clark

Objective:To redesign dairy farm systems so that they achieve sustainability. Systemic and technological solutions will allow farmers to measure and control environmental outcomes with the same ability that they achieve production targets. This will be achieved by delivering:

  • New animal and pasture based technologies.
  • Integration of new technologies into existing and new farm systems.
  • Redesigned farm systems that break the “more feed, higher stocking rate” strategy, retain profitability and deliver major reductions in N losses.

1. Pastoral 21 Phase 2 Canterbury – David Chapman

Objective:  To re-design, and capture synergies between, milking platform and wintering systems that increase productivity and decrease environmental footprint in grazed Canterbury dairy businesses.  Sub objectives include:

  • To quantify nutrient losses to the environment resulting from wintering on crops on light-textured soils
  • Investigate tactics for reducing nutrient losses, including use of fodder crops with lower protein concentration compared to kale (eg fodder beet), nitrification inhibitors, tannin-containing supplements, and ‘mop-up’ cereal crops grown in double-crop rotation with the winter crops
  • Determine the efficiency of different wintering strategies for achieving cow body condition score targets for start of lactation, and carry-over effects on lactation performance
  • Determine the productivity and nutrient loss footprint of a very high producing dairy system using high BW animals and relatively high levels of inputs (fertiliser, feed), similar to the traditional pathway for increasing productivity in the NZ dairy industry.
  • Quantify productivity and nutrient losses from a high producing, ‘efficient’ dairy system also using high BW animals, but with lower stocking rate and fewer inputs to maximise the efficiency of resource use
  • Conduct complete economic and environmental impact analysis of whole farm systems, accounting for all land and other resources used for production, over at least 4 years
  • Communicate findings to dairy business owners and providers of dairy winter grazing support in the region

2. Pastoral 21 Phase 2 Otago/Southland – Dawn Dalley

  • Objective: to develop farm systems for the Southland/Otago region that are proven, profitable, simple, adoption-ready and lift production by 20% and reduce nutrient loss by 30%. 3. SY916 West Coast Monitor Farms – Dawn DalleyObjectives:
  • Develop a database of reliable pasture growth rates for 4 dairying regions on the West Coast.
  • Demonstrate the benefits of regular monitoring and feed wedge development on day to day and strategic decision making
  • Develop a database of seasonal pasture quality and its relationship to farm management decisions.

4. SY 1001/SFF 10-027 Southern Wintering Systems initiative – Dawn Dalley

Objective:  provide the framework for an integrated approach to achieving winter management practice change on dairy farms, their support blocks and with winter graziers in the southern South Island. The key outcomes will be increased adoption of wintering systems that reduce the environmental impact, are cost effective, practical to implement and meet animal welfare requirements while providing reliable sources of high quality feed. This project is designed to use farmer-to-farmer extension to increase the awareness of issues of current wintering systems and to demonstrate good management practice. Case studies and profiled farms achieving good management across a range of wintering systems will be key for successful adoption. 

5. SY1002 Milking Efficiency – Jenny Jago

6. FD1004 Pasture Persistence – David Chapman

7. SY705 National Forage Evaluation Index – David Chapman

8. SY708 Whole farm model/Modelling dairy system – Pierre Beukes


9. AN1004 and SFF10/024 Improving reproductive performance in large herds. Chris Burke

Objective:  to generate and deliver knowledge that supports farmers and their advisers to improve reproductive performance in large dairy herds, particularly in the South Island.

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Dairy related projects at LIC - November 2011

  • Analytics Programme:  Combining various farm information datasets then applying research and statistical analysis to create tools to enhance on farm decision making. Currently we are looking to pull together various available datasets to begin the analysis phase. The initial focus will be on reproductive performance and how we can provide timely, relevant information to farmers in a format that is easily understood.
  • Automatic Oestrus Detection:  To continually evaluate and improve our EZ Heat camera system and consider any new possibilities. Current trials are underway at various installation sites for this seasons mating.
  • Genomic Selection:  To increase reliability of DNA proofs and genetic superiority of LIC's DNA Proven sires. The next phase will be the addition of genomic information from large numbers of cows in 2011/12.  In addition we will be integrating genotypes from other parties who we have swapped genotypes with.
  • Reproduction Solutions:  This aim is to establish, develop and sustain industry momentum and appetite for continuous and sustainable improvement in the reproductive performance of the national dairy herd. Currently we are working with DairyNZ to establish a national performance benchmark for 6 week in calf rates and improving customer access to reproductive data.

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logo agresearch partners 1Dairy related projects at AgResearch - September 2011

  • AgResearch staff at Invermay are collaborators with DairyNZ in the SFF Southland Wintering Programme
  • Pasture persistence / pasture renewal: Pastures, renewed and old, in North Otago, Central and North Canterbury are monitored in this study. Tom Fraser at Lincoln leads our South Island data collection for this SFF/DiaryNZ funded project.
  • Environment - Surface Water Quality: The AgResearch Land and Environment team at Invermay lead this project which has research activities in North Otago and Southland.
  • Systems: AgResearch leads the P21 Systems Demonstration Trial at Telford, in partnership with DairyNZ. The trial is in the set up phase, involving comparison of 3 farming systems of relevance to the challenges of the southern dairy region. wintering systems, cow condition, surface water management.

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